MARKETS END THE WEEK MIXED AS A GREAT JOBS REPORT AND JUMP IN OIL PRICES HELP TURN THINGS AROUND
- The markets ended the week mixed, after coming back from early–week losses when a very strong Jobs Report was released on Friday
- The week started with the S&P 500 losing about 2.3% early in the week, before rebounding to end the week up by 0.2%
- The smaller–cap Russell 2000 Index moved up 0.6%, while the DJIA and NASDAQ inched down 0.1% each and the MSCI EAFE Index gave back 0.2%
- Of the S&P 500 sectors, Energy led the way in a surprise departure from past weeks, moving up 1.5%, driven by a 7.3% jump in WTI crude to almost $60/barrel
- The Industrial and Consumer Discretionary sectors led the losers, dropping 1.1% and 0.8%, respectively
- There were three main drivers of markets this week, including a weaker–than–hoped for manufacturing report, news from Trump that a trade deal might not be imminent and the strong Jobs Report
- Nonfarm payrolls climbed 266,000, whereas the consensus expected about 180,000
- Further, the unemployment rate moved down to 3.5%, touching that 50–year low again while average hourly earnings increased 0.2%
- U.S. Treasuries moved around a lot, but ended the week relatively unchanged, with the 2–year Treasury yield coming to rest at 1.63% and the 10–year ending the week at 1.84%
Weekly Market Performance
Great Jobs Report Drives the Market
U.S. stocks started the week trending lower as worries about slowing global growth and a delayed agreement with China weighed on investors. In fact, the large–cap S&P 500 was off more than 2% after two days of trading early in the week. Fast forward to the end of the week and the monthly Jobs Report from the Department of Labor helped the markets claw back their losses and end the week slightly positive.
On Friday morning at 8:30 EST, the Department of Labor released their monthly “Employment Situation Report” and the results surprised most on the upside. To summarize:
- The November jobs report showed very strong gains
- Wages are rising
- Unemployment is at a 50–year low once again
Examining the Jobs Report in more detail, we saw that job growth last month jumped to 266,000 new jobs created, which is more than double October’s job growth number of 128,000. Digging even deeper, economists were touting the fact that manufacturing jobs reversed course by adding 54,000 jobs last month compared to the loss of 43,000 in October.
November’s jobs growth pushed the unemployment rate down to 3.5%, which puts it once again at a five–decade low. In addition, wages over the last 12 months have grown 3.1%.
Consumer Sentiment Up
Also on Friday morning, the survey of consumers by the University of Michigan was released and it was by most accounts, a very positive report.
From Friday’s release:
“Consumer sentiment rose to the upper end of the favorable range it has traveled since the start of 2017. The Sentiment Index has averaged 97.0 in the past three years, the highest sustained level since the all–time record in the Clinton administration. Nearly all of the early December gain was among upper income households, who also reported near record gains in household wealth, largely due to increased stock prices. Indeed, among households with incomes in the top third of the distribution, their overall assessment of their current finances was the third highest in the past twenty years. These gains were aided by declining inflation expectations, with long term inflation expectations returning to an all–time low.”
All Sectors Up
Looking at the performance of the 11 S&P 500 sectors, we saw that 4 of them ended the week red. But looking at the YTD performance of the sectors and we see that every single one of them is awash in green. And the range of green is huge:
- Information Technology leads the way with a YTD gain of 41.21%
- Energy brings up the rear with a YTD gain of 3.26%
- Six of the sectors are up over 20%
- Only one sector – Energy – is up in the single–digits
Eyes on the Federal Reserve
This time last year, the Fed increased the federal funds rate to 2.5%, whereas 2019 saw the Fed cut rates three times to its current 1.50% – 1.75% level. Next week, the Fed meets again to decide what to do about rates and the markets are generally expecting the Fed to do nothing, although there are a few more that are expecting a rate cut versus a rate hike.
If the Fed keeps rates the same or cuts, then this will be received as good news for stock markets. Generally speaking, rate hikes from the Fedhave helped take the charge out of bull markets.
federalreserve.gov; cmegroup.com; sca.isr.umich.edu; census.org; adobe.com; factset.com; standardandpoors.com; nyse.com; msci.com; nasdaq.com; dowjones.com; morningstar.com; edwardjones.com; bloomberg.com